What is Ovulation Induction?
When one of the ovaries releases an egg, it is known as ovulation. Women having regular menstrual cycles experience ovulation approximately once every month.
However, sometimes the follicles holding the eggs fail to mature regularly. In such cases, ovulation for that individual woman goes irregular, rare, or completely missing.
Ovulation induction is an effortless fertility treatment that includes taking oral or injectable medication to generate uncomplicated and regular ovulation. The medication is usually prescribed to consume at the beginning of the menstrual cycle and the bodily response is supervised during the cycle involving ultrasound. The medical expert can then assess your due time of ovulation and then recommend the best time to perform insemination or intercourse for you to conceive.
How Is Ovulation Induction Achieved?
The drugs and dosages used to trigger ovulation are personalized for you. When you should start taking drugs to stimulate the ovaries will be suggested by your doctor, who will also suggest a regimen of monitoring using ultrasound scans and maybe blood testing.
You might need to use fertility medications to stimulate ovulation, such as:
- To aid in the development of follicles, Clomiphene citrate (Clomid) or Letrozole pills that deceive the pituitary gland into making more follicle-stimulating hormones. Typically, they are taken on days 2 through 6 of the menstrual cycle.
- Once the follicles have reached maturity, human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG – Ovidrel/Pregnyl) injections are utilized to begin conception.
- Letrozole is a common aromatase inhibitor used to treat infertility and subfertility. Letrozole inhibits the aromatase enzyme, which prevents testosterone from being converted into estrogen and a concomitant rise in intraovarian androgens.
Risks That Are Associated With Ovulation Induction
Ovulation induction is a simple procedure for most women, although it has specific hazards. The primary dangers are:
OHSS(Ovarian hyper-stimulation syndrome):
The rare condition known as OHSS (Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome) occurs when a woman overreacts to the ovulation induction and displays symptoms like discomfort, nausea, bloating, and vomiting, short of breathe. Mild to severe symptoms can occur, and in the worst situations, an immediate medical visit is required.
By monitoring your treatment cycle with ultrasound scans and occasionally blood testing, we reduce the chance of OHSS. We modify or stop the medicine if we suspect the onset of OHSS. Your doctor will describe the warning signs to look out for so you can alert them right away if you notice anything concerning.
More than one follicle may mature and release an egg simultaneously when the ovaries are stimulated. This might lead to several pregnancies. If we notice an excessive number of follicles growing, we adjust or discontinue the drug, prescribe abstinence from sexual activity, or monitor this using ultrasonography.