An issue with the female reproductive system called adenomyosis in which the uterus enlarges and thickens. The uterine wall’s inside is lined by endometrial tissue (endometrium). When this tissue penetrates the myometrium, the uterus’s outer muscle walls, adenomyosis results. This additional tissue might result in the uterus growing by two or three times its original size, which can cause irregular uterine flow and uncomfortable periods.
Many women aren’t aware they have adenomyosis because the condition doesn’t always cause symptoms. The condition may affect 20% to 65% of females.
Adenomyosis has been found in adolescents, but typically occurs in females between the ages of 35 and 50 who have:
Generally people with adenomyosis don’t have symptoms. Some people experience:
Since, female hormone estrogen promotes endometrial tissue growth, adenomyosis symptoms often go away after menopause. In the meantime, these treatments can ease other symptopms:
Painkillers: NSAIDs, such as ibuprofen, which are nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, reduce cramping.
Hormonal birth control: Estrogen can make bleeding and cramping worse by thickening the uterine wall. Menstruation and its symptoms can be stopped by several hormonal contraceptives. Birth control pills, Depo-Provera injections, and hormonal intrauterine devices (IUDs), like Mirena, are available options.
Hysterectomy: The uterus is removed. You won’t have any menstrual cycle or be able to become pregnant after a hysterectomy.
The risk of anaemia is increased by adenomyosis-related heavy menstrual flow. When your body doesn’t produce enough iron-rich red blood cells, anaemia develops. You can experience persistent weariness or coldness.