What Is Endometriosis?

Your uterus’s interior lining is called the endometrium. You lose this tissue when you are menstruating. Imagine layers of tissue accumulating along the uterine interior as endometrium. These layers separate from the uterine walls during your menstruation and leave your body. The endometrium supports the early stages of development if you become pregnant.

Endometrial-looking tissue develops on other organs or structures when you have endometriosis. This tissue may develop in your chest, pelvis, or abdomen. Due to its hormonal sensitivity, this tissue can swell up throughout your menstrual cycle. These patches of tissue that resemble endometrium can result in ovarian cysts, skin lesions, deeper nodules, adhesions, and scar tissue throughout your body.

Who Can Get Endometriosis?

Endometriosis is a condition that most commonly impacts people between the ages of 25 and 40. It can also happen to younger people during their teenage years. Although many people find relief from endometriosis symptoms after menopause, it can still cause discomfort and pain.

What Are The Symptoms Of Endometriosis?

Endometriosis is associated with a variety of symptoms. Pain is the predominant symptom. It is possible for this pain to be slight or severe. Usually, the lower back, pelvic area, and abdomen are where you’ll feel it. Despite the prevalence of endometriosis, not everyone who has it will have symptoms. You might not even be aware that you have endometriosis until it is discovered via another surgery or an investigation into infertility.

Those who do have endometriosis symptoms may have:
  • Terribly uncomfortable menstruation cramps.
  • While on your period or in between periods, you may experience back or abdominal pain.
  • Pain during sexual intercourse.
  • Spotting (mild bleeding) between cycles or significant bleeding during periods.
  • Infertility (difficulty becoming pregnant) (difficulty becoming pregnant). bowel movements that hurt.

How Is Endometriosis Treated?

DYU will help to create your treatment plan for endometriosis based on a few factors, such as:

  • Severity of your endometriosis.
  • Further plans of pregnancy.
  • Age.
  • Severity of your symptoms (often pain).

Hormonal options for suppressing endometriosis includes:

  • Birth control: There are multiple forms of hormonal suppression options including combination options using estrogen and progesterone or progesterone-only options.
  • Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) medications: This basically puts your reproductive system on hold as a way to relieve your pain.
  • Danazol: This is another form of hormonal medication that stops the production of the hormones that cause you to have a period. While taking this medication for endometriosis symptoms, you may have the occasional menstrual period, or they might stop entirely.


Having endometriosis can result in a number of medical issues. Those who have endometriosis could have fertility problems (difficulty getting pregnant). Treatment options including medication, endometriosis surgery, or fertility procedures like IVF can occasionally help with this.

Bowel or bladder problems can potentially be a symptom of endometriosis. These include discomfort when urinating or bowel motions, as well as the presence of blood in the urine or stool (poop). You may occasionally have kidney swelling if your ureter, which is the tube that transports urine from your kidney to your bladder, has severe endometriosis. Occasionally, endometriosis can affect your diaphragm or lungs, which can cause chest pain, shortness of breath, or lung collapse during menstrual periods. The problem of chronic pain is connected to endometriosis.

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